11 mm black beads japa bracelet. Stretch starts at 7.5" (19 cm).Buddhists use this type of mala beads for prayer and to ward off evil."A Japa mala or mala (meaning garland) is a set of beads commonly used by Hindus and Buddhists, usually made from 108 beads, though other numbers are also used. Bracelets usually contain 18 beads with the 19th the guru bead. Malas are used for keeping count while reciting, chanting, or mentally repeating a mantra. This practice is known as japa. Mantras are typically repeated hundreds of times. The mala is used so that one can focus on the meaning or sound of the mantra rather than counting its repetitions. One repetition is usually said for each bead while turning the thumb clockwise around each bead, though some traditions or practices may call for counterclockwise motion or specific finger usage. When arriving at the head bead, one turns the mala around and then goes back in the opposite direction. The 109th bead on a mala is called the sumeru, bindu, stupa, or guru bead. Counting should always begin with a bead next to the sumeru. In the Hindu tradition, if more than one mala of repetitions is to be done, one changes directions when reaching the sumeru rather than crossing it. The number 108 bearing special religious significance in a number of traditions.Beads made from the seeds of the rudraksha tree are considered sacred by devotees of Siva, while beads made from the wood of the tulsi plant are used and revered by followers of Vishnu. Other common beads include wood or seeds from the sandalwood tree or theBodhi tree and seeds of the Lotus plant. Some Tibetan Buddhist traditions call for the use of animal bone (most commonly yak). Semiprecious stones such as carnelian and amethyst may be used, as well. Materials and colors of the beads can relate to a specific practice."Freepost within UK. Other discounted posting options available in checkout. International postage has been discounted.Combined postage costs are designed to encourage multiple items so have a browse and save. £.10 p or less on additional items when combining postage and paid for on SAME invoice. Invoices totaling £25.00 or more have free postage within U.K..~~For more selection, have a browse in my shop.~~ Sign up for my email newsletters by adding my eCRATER Shop to your Favourites!I always obtain proof of postage, send recorded or special delivery depending on final worth of package being sent. Parcels over £30.00 should go special delivery.Unless an item is extremely popular, I will not replenish my stock. This is to offer you an ever changing variety. If you want it, get it now, before it's gone!THANK YOU FOR VISITING MY SHOP.